Pirimiphos Methyl 甲基嘧啶磷

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中文通用名: 甲基嘧啶磷
英文通用名: Pirimiphos-methyl
又名: 安得利
化学名称: O-O-二甲基-O-(2-二乙胺基-6-甲基嘧啶-4-基)-硫逐磷酸酯
理化性质: 原药为棕黄色液体,相对密度(d30)1.157,30℃蒸气压为13mPa,30℃水中溶解度为5mg/L,易溶于大多数有机溶剂。可被强酸和碱水解,对光不稳定,对黄铜、不锈钢、尼龙、聚乙烯和铝无腐蚀性。
应用: 是有机磷速效、广谱的杀虫剂、杀螨剂,具有胃毒和熏蒸作用。对于储粮甲虫、象鼻虫、米象、锯谷盗、拟锯谷盗、谷蠹、粉斑螟、蛾类和螨类均有良好的药效。也可防治仓库害虫、家庭及公共卫生害虫(蚊、蝇)。
毒性: 本品低毒,大白鼠雌性急性经口LD50为2050mg/kg;对鸟类、鸡毒性较大,对鱼中毒。
注意事项: 90%原油,50%乳油(w/v),20%水乳剂(EW)。


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Insecticide, acaricide
IRAC 1B; organophosphate


Common name pirimiphos-methyl (BSI, E-ISO, ANSI, ESA); pyrimiphos-méthyl ((m) F-ISO)
IUPAC name O-2-diethylamino-6-methylpyrimidin-4-yl O,O-dimethyl phosphorothioate
Chemical Abstracts name O-[2-(diethylamino)-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl] O,O-dimethyl phosphorothioate
CAS RN [29232-93-7] EEC no. 249-528-5 Development codes PP511 (ICI) Official codes OMS 1424

Composition Tech. material is 88% pure. Mol. wt. 305.3 M.f. C11H20N3O3PS Form Straw-coloured liquid. M.p. 15-18 ºC (tech.) B.p. Decomposes on distillation. V.p. 2 mPa (20 ºC); 6.9 mPa (30 ºC); 22 mPa (40 ºC) KOW logP = 4.2 (20 ºC, unionised) Henry 6 ´ 10-2 Pa m3 mol-1 (calc.) S.g./density 1.17 (20 ºC); 1.157 (30 ºC) Solubility In water 11 (pH 5), 10 (pH 7), 9.7 (pH 9) (all in mg/l, 20 ºC). Miscible with most organic solvents, e.g. alcohols, ketones, halogenated hydrocarbons. Stability Hydrolysed by concentrated acids and alkalis; DT50 2-117 d (pH range 4-9, most stable at pH 7). In sunlight, aqueous solution had DT50 <1 h. pKa 4.30 F.p. >46 ºC

History Insecticide introduced by ICI Plant Protection Division (now Syngenta AG). Patents GB 1019227; GB 1204552 Manufacturers Sannong; Sharda; Sundat; Syngenta

Biochemistry Cholinesterase inhibitor. Mode of action Broad-spectrum insecticide and acaricide with contact and respiratory action. Penetrates the leaf tissue and exhibits translaminar action. Uses Control of a wide range of insects and mites in warehouses, stored grain, animal houses, domestic and industrial premises; chewing insects, sucking insects, boring insects, and mites on vegetables, ornamentals, bulb flowers, sugar cane, maize, sorghum, rice, citrus and other fruit, olives, vines, alfalfa, cereals, etc.; and glasshouse pests (especially whitefly, thrips, mealybugs, aphids, and mites) on tomatoes, cucumbers, capsicums, aubergines, and other glasshouse crops. Formulation types AE; DP; EC; FU; HN; KN; LS; SG; UL. Compatibility Miscible with common insecticides and fungicides. Mixing with strongly alkaline or acidic substances should be avoided. Selected products: 'Actellic' (Syngenta); 'Actell' (Trithin)

'Silo-San' (Syngenta); 'Stomophos' (Syngenta); 'Giustiziere' (Solplant); 'Pirigrain' (CGI); 'Sybol 2' (Miracle) Discontinued products: 'Blex' * (Zeneca); 'Actellifog' * (Hortichem)

Product analysis by glc with FID (AOAC Methods, 17th Ed., 991.34, 7.7.24; CIPAC Handbook, 1985, 1C, 2192). Identity also by glc, tlc, i.r. or nmr (ibid., 1994, F, 406). Residues determined by glc with FPD or FTD (Analyst (London), 1980, 105, 515; 1985, 110, 765; A. Ambrus et al., J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., 1981, 64, 733; Manu. Pestic. Residue Anal., 1987, I, S8, S19; Anal. Methods Residues Pestic., 1988, Part I, M9; Part II). Details available from Syngenta.

Reviews FAO/WHO 65, 67 (see part 2 of the Bibliography). Oral Acute oral LD50 for rats 1414, mice 1180 mg/kg. Skin and eye Acute percutaneous LD50 for rats >2000 mg/kg. Slight eye and mild skin irritation (rabbits). Mild skin sensitiser (guinea pigs). Inhalation LC50 (4 h) for rats >5.04 mg/l. NOEL (2 y) for rats 10 mg/kg diet. No teratogenic effects, and no concentration in adipose tissue. NOEL (90 d) for dogs 0.5, rats 8 mg/kg diet. ADI (JMPR) 0.03 mg/kg b.w. [1992]. Toxicity class WHO (a.i.) III; EPA (formulation) III EC classification Xn; R22

Birds Acute oral LD50 for bobwhite quail 40, Japanese quail 140, mallard ducks 1695 mg/kg. Fish LC50 (96 h) for rainbow trout 0.64 mg/l; (48 h) for mirror carp 1.4 mg/l. Daphnia EC50 (48 h) 0.21 mg/l; (21 d) 0.08 mg/l. Algae EC50 1.0 mg/l. Bees LD50 (oral) 0.22 mg/bee; (contact) 0.12 mg/bee. Worms LC50 (14 d) 419 mg/kg.

EHC 63 (WHO, 1986; a general review of organophosphorus insecticides). Animals In mammals, the P-O bond is cleaved extensively and N-dealkylation and/or conjugation is a further step in the metabolism of the pyrimidine leaving group. Plants Rapidly evaporates. After 2-3 days, <10% remains on plants, including the degradation product O-2-ethylamino-6-methylpyrimidin-4-yl O,O-dimethyl phosphorothioate. On stored cereals, DT50 >2 mo. Soil/Environment Soil DT50 (aerobic and anaerobic) is typically 3.5-25 d.