Chlorotoluron 绿麦隆



英文通用名 chlortoluron
其他名称 Dicuran、C2242。
毒性 对人畜低毒,大鼠口服急性LD50为1626-2056毫克/公斤,急性经皮LD50>2000毫克/公斤,对鸟类和鱼类低毒,对蜜蜂无毒。
剂型 25%、50%、80%可湿性粉剂。
特点 难溶于水,在常温下稳定。是选择性根内吸叶面有触杀作用的除草剂。作用比较缓慢,持效期70天以上。
适用范围 适用于麦类、棉花、玉米、谷子、花生等作物田防除看麦娘、早熟禾、野燕麦、繁缕、猪殃殃、藜、婆婆纳等多种禾本科及阔叶杂草。对田旋花、问荆、锦葵等杂草无效。

1.麦田使用 播种后出苗前,每亩用25%可湿性粉剂250-300克或25%绿麦隆可湿性粉剂150克加50%杀草丹乳油150毫升,对水50公斤,均匀喷布土表。或拌细潮土20公斤均匀撒施土表。出苗后3叶期以前,每亩用25%可湿性粉剂200-250克,对水50公斤,均匀喷布撒布土表。麦苗3叶期以后不能用药,易产生药害。
2.棉田使用 播种后出苗前,每亩用25%可湿性粉剂250克,对水35公斤均匀喷布土表。
3.玉米、高粱、大豆田使用 播种后出苗前,或者玉米4-5叶期施药,每亩用25%可湿性粉剂200-300克,对水50公斤均匀喷布土表。



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HRAC C2 WSSA 7; urea


Common name chlorotoluron (BSI (from 1984), E-ISO, (m) F-ISO); chlortoluron (BSI (before 1984), (m) France, New Zealand)
IUPAC name 3-(3-chloro-p-tolyl)-1,1-dimethylurea
Chemical Abstracts name N'-(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea
CAS RN [15545-48-9] EEC no. 239-592-2 Development codes C 2242 (Ciba)

Mol. wt. 212.7 M.f. C10H13ClN2O Form White powder. M.p. 148.1 ºC V.p. 0.005 mPa (25 °C) KOW logP = 2.5 (25 ºC) Henry 1.44 ´ 10-5 Pa m3 mol-1 (calc.) S.g./density 1.40 g/cm3 (20 ºC) Solubility In water 74 mg/l (25 ºC). In acetone 54, dichloromethane 51, ethanol 48, toluene 3.0, hexane 0.06, n-octanol 24, ethyl acetate 21 (all in g/l, 25 ºC). Stability Stable to heat and u.v. light. Slowly hydrolysed by strong acids and alkalis. DT50 (calc.) >200 d (pH 5, 7, 9; 30 ºC).

History Herbicide reported by Y. L'Hermite et al. (C. R. Journ. Etud. Herbic. Conf., COLUMA, 5th, 1969, II, 349). Introduced by Ciba AG (now Syngenta AG). Patents BE 728267; GB 1255258 Manufacturers ÉMV; Jingma; Makhteshim-Agan; Nufarm GmbH; Syngenta; Synthesia; United Phosphorus

Biochemistry Photosynthetic electron transport inhibitor at the photosystem II receptor site. Mode of action Selective herbicide, absorbed by the roots and foliage. Uses Effective at 1.5-3.0 kg/ha, both as a residual soil-acting herbicide and a contact foliar-spray, against many broad-leaved and grass weeds of winter cereals, especially against Alopecurus myosuroides. It is combined with mecoprop to improve the control of Galium, Papaver and Veronica spp. Phytotoxicity Some varieties of wheat and barley may be injured. Formulation types FW; GR; SC; WP. Selected products: 'Dicuran' (Syngenta); 'Chlortophyt' (Agriphar); 'Lentipur' (Nufarm GmbH, Nufarm UK); 'Tolurex' (Makhteshim-Agan)

'Alert' (Crystal); 'Atol' (Nufarm UK); 'Cekutoluron' (Cequisa); 'Chlortosint' (Nufarm GmbH); 'Clorturex' (Aragro); 'Cloturex' (Aragro); 'Copal' (DAPT); 'Monsun' (Stefes); 'NWA CTU 500' (Nufarm UK); 'Syncuran' (Synthesia); 'Tolugan 700' (Makhteshim-Agan); 'Tolurane' (Diachem) mixtures: 'Dicuran Forte' (+ triasulfuron) (Syngenta); 'Tricuran' (+ terbutryn+ triasulfuron) (Syngenta); 'Tolugan Extra' (+ isoproturon) (Makhteshim-Agan); 'Tomcat' (+ terbutryn) (Probelte) Discontinued products: 'Dicurane' * (Ciba); 'Ashlade Tol-7' * (Ashlade); 'Ludorum' * (Tripart); 'Toluron' * (Stefes); 'Toro' * (Sipcam) mixtures: 'Totem' * (+ pendimethalin) (Cyanamid)

Product analysis by determination of dimethylamine produced on hydrolysis, or by tlc (AOAC Methods, 17th Ed., 977.06; CIPAC Handbook, 1980, 1A, 1151). Residues determined by hplc or by alkaline hydrolysis to 3-chloro-p-toluidine, a derivative of which is determined by glc with TID, MCD, or ECD. Details available from Syngenta.

Oral Acute oral LD50 for rats >5000 mg/kg. Skin and eye Acute percutaneous LD50 for rats >2000 mg/kg; not irritant to skin and eyes of rabbits. Not a skin sensitiser (guinea pigs). Inhalation LC50 (4 h) for rats >5.3 mg/l. NOEL (2 y) for rats 100 ppm (5 mg/kg daily), mice 100 ppm (11.3 mg/kg daily). Water GV 30 mg/l (TDI 11.3 mg/kg b.w.). Toxicity class WHO (a.i.) U

Birds Dietary LC50 (8 d) for mallard ducks >6800, Japanese quail >2150, pheasants >10 000 ppm. Fish LC50 (96 h) for rainbow trout 35, bluegill sunfish 50, crucian carp >100, catfish 60, guppy >49 mg/l. Daphnia LC50 (48 h) 67 mg/l. Algae EC50 (72 h) for Scenedesmus subspicatus 0.024 mg/l. Bees LD50 (48 h) (contact) >100 mg/bee; (ingestion) >1000 ppm. Worms LC50 for earthworms >1000 mg/kg.

Animals In mammals, following oral administration, >90% is eliminated in the urine and faeces within 24 hours. Main metabolism is via N-demethylation and stepwise oxidation of the ring methyl group to hydroxymethyl and carboxymethyl derivatives. Plants Metabolites found in winter wheat include 3-chloro-p-toluidine, 3-(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)-1-methylurea, and 1-(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)urea. Soil/Environment DT50 in soil 30-40 d, in water >200 d.